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A General History of Sutton
From British History Online
The Beginnings (an account from 1792)
The name of Sutton, i.e. South-town, is common to many places in all parts of England. This village is situated upon the road to Reigate, about eleven miles from Westminster-bridge. The parish lies in the hundred of Wallington, and is bounded by Carshalton towards the east; Mordon towards the north; towards the west, by Cheam; and to the south, by Banstead. The cultivated land is principally arable; the proportion of meadow being very small; the downs and commons are extensive.
The downs adjoin those of Banstead, and are grazed by sheep. The mutton is noted for its small size and fine flavour. The inhabitants have a right of turning out their cattle upon Sutton and Bonhill commons in this parish, during a certain part of the year. Near the turnpike-gate, on the road to Carshalton, is a very large chalk-pit, which produces a variety of extraneous fossils.
A rock of chalk extends through the greater part of the parish, being covered with a fine mould, in some places six feet deep. The soil to the north of the village is a strong clay, between which and the chalky lands there runs a narrow vein of sand.
Sutton is assessed 14s. in the pound (70p to a modern puond sterling (70%)) to the land-tax, which this year (1792) is at the rate of 2s. in the pound (10%).
The manor belonged formerly to St. Peter's Abbey at Chertsey. In Doomsday-book it is said to contain 15 ploughlands, and to have been valued in the reign of Edward the Confessor and at the time of the survey in the 11th Century.
After the suppression of monasteries it was granted to Sir Nicholas Carew. Having been forfeited by his attainder it reverted to the crown, but was restored to his son by Queen Mary (fn. 2). It afterwards came into the Darcy family, having been bequeathed probably by Sir Francis Carew to the issue of his brother-in-law Sir Arthur Darcy. From the Darcys it passed to Sir Richard Mason, whose daughter and co-heir, Dorothy, brought it to her husband Sir William Brownlow, who died in 1700. It was purchased in the year 1720 by the Cliffe family.
Henry Cliffe, Esq. died in 1761, leaving one daughter, on whom the manor and estate were entailed, and who, in the year 1785, married Thomas Hatch, Esq. of New Windsor, now lord of the manor in right of his wife.
It appears that there was formerly a manor in this parish distinct from that of the Abbot of Chertsey, valued in the reign of King John at eight marks, and then held by Gilbert Basset. The manor, which was granted in the reign of Edward III. by Sir Simon de Codyngton to Richard Cok and William Hardegrey and by them aligned to Sir Simon St. Michael, with the remainder to Ralph Codyngton being held under Chertsey Abbey.
The record of Doomsday speaks of two churches in this parish: there is now one only, which is a small structure dedicated to St. Nicholas, consisting of a nave and chancel. At the west-end was a wooden tower, which has been lately taken down and rebuilt of brick..
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